- Glyptotherium floridanum
- Scute/Armor Plate
- Taylor County, Florida
- Specimen measures approx. 2″ long and will come in the 5.25″ x 6.25″ Riker Mount with Label as Shown
Glyptodon (Greek for “grooved or carved tooth”) was a large, armored mammal of the subfamily Glyptodontinae (glyptodonts), a relative of armadillos that lived during the Pleistocene epoch. It was roughly the same size and weight as a Volkswagen Beetle, though flatter in shape. With its rounded, bony shell and squat limbs, it superficially resembled turtles, and the much earlier dinosaurian ankylosaur, as an example of the convergent evolution of unrelated lineages into similar forms.
These Giant Prehistoric Mammals were close to the mass and magnitude of a Volkswagen beetle. It was a plant eater that ate grasses and plants around streams and tributaries. These extinct animals are related to armadillos, anteaters, extinct ground sloths, and tree sloths.
Their shells are made up of over 1000 bone scutes, called osteoderms. Each species has its own individually distinctive scute marking. Its body was protected by this shell which included bony armor on its tail and skull.
Glyptodonts are believed to have taken part in intraspecific fighting. Zoologists presume that since the tail of Glyptodon was very flexible and had rings of bony plates, it was used as a weapon in fights. This indicates that glyptodonts fought among themselves. They settled disputes by fighting each other, much like male-to-male fighting among deer using their antlers. Although its tail could be used for defense against predators, evidence suggests that the tail of Glyptodon was primarily for attacks on its own kind. A G. reticulatus fossil displays damage done on the surface of its carapace. Using physics and mathematics, a group of zoologists calculated the amount of force required to break the carapace of Glyptodon. The calculation showed that Glyptodon tails would be able to break the carapace, thus hinting that it practiced intraspecific fighting.