- Woolly Mammoth Hair & Ivory
- Pleistocene Age
- Hair Found in Siberia, Russia
- Tusk Ivory Found in Alaska
- Specimens Come in a 2 5/8″ x 3 1/8″ Display Box
The woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) was a species of mammoth that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, and was one of the last in a line of mammoth species, beginning with Mammuthus subplanifrons in the early Pliocene. The woolly mammoth diverged from the steppe mammoth about 400,000 years ago in eastern Asia. Its closest extant relative is the Asian elephant. The appearance and behaviour of this species are among the best studied of any prehistoric animal because of the discovery of frozen carcasses in Siberia and Alaska, as well as skeletons, teeth, stomach contents, dung, and depiction from life in prehistoric cave paintings. Mammoth remains had long been known in Asia before they became known to Europeans in the 17th century. The origin of these remains was long a matter of debate, and often explained as being remains of legendary creatures. The mammoth was identified as an extinct species of elephant by Georges Cuvier in 1796.
The woolly mammoth was roughly the same size as modern African elephants. Males reached shoulder heights between 2.7 and 3.4 m (9 and 11 ft) and weighed up to 6 tonnes (6.6 short tons). Females averaged 2.6–2.9 metres (8.5–9.5 ft) in height and weighed up to 4 tonnes (4.4 short tons). A newborn calf weighed about 90 kilograms (200 lb). The woolly mammoth was well adapted to the cold environment during the last ice age. It was covered in fur, with an outer covering of long guard hairs and a shorter undercoat. The colour of the coat varied from dark to light. The ears and tail were short to minimise frostbite and heat loss. It had long, curved tusks and four molars, which were replaced six times during the lifetime of an individual. Its behaviour was similar to that of modern elephants, and it used its tusks and trunk for manipulating objects, fighting, and foraging. The diet of the woolly mammoth was mainly grass and sedges. Individuals could probably reach the age of 60. Its habitat was the mammoth steppe, which stretched across northern Eurasia and North America.
The woolly mammoth coexisted with early humans, who used its bones and tusks for making art, tools, and dwellings, and the species was also hunted for food. It disappeared from its mainland range at the end of the Pleistocene 10,000 years ago, most likely through climate change and consequent shrinkage of its habitat, hunting by humans, or a combination of the two. Isolated populations survived on St. Paul Island until 6,400 years ago and Wrangel Island until 4,000 years ago. After its extinction, humans continued using its ivory as a raw material, a tradition that continues today. It has been proposed the species could be recreated through cloning, but this method is as yet infeasible because of the degraded state of the remaining genetic material.
At the present time it is ILLEGAL to sell and ship ANY Mammoth Ivory in ANY form to New Jersey & New York. Both states ban the sale, trade, barter and purchase of all ivory, including fossil ivory. The legislation also bans the sale of Rhino Horns. Effective July 1st, 2016 it will be illegal to sell and ship ANY Mammoth Ivory in ANY form to California. While Indiana9 Fossils fully understands and supports the attempts to protect MODERN elephants by enacting these laws, it is preposterous that they have banned the sale of Mammoth Ivory! There are rock solid ways to determine modern ivory versus fossil ivory which would allow law enforcement to differentiate between the 2, but it is presumed that they opted to throw the baby out with the bath water to save themselves the trouble of having to look at the ivory to make that determination. If you do not agree with the bans please contact your local politicians and let your voice be heard. We will update this information with changes to the present laws or if additional states enact similar laws.